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- Neurolinguistics: A Brief Historical Perspective
- Neurolinguistic Studies of Patients with Acquired Aphasias
- Electrophysiological Methods in the Study of Language Processing
- Studying Language with Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI)
- Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation to Study the Neural Network Account of Language
- Magnetoencephalography and the Cortical Dynamics of Language Processing
- Shedding Light on Language Function and Its Development with Optical Brain Imaging
- What Has Direct Cortical and Subcortical Electrostimulation Taught Us about Neurolinguistics?
- Diffusion Imaging Methods in Language Sciences
- Neuroplasticity: Language and Emotional Development in Children with Perinatal Stroke
- The Neurolinguistics of Bilingualism: Plasticity and Control
- Language and Aging
- Language Plasticity in Epilepsy
- Language Development in Deaf Children: Sign Language and Cochlear Implants
- Neuromotor Organization of Speech Production
- The Neural Organization of Signed Language: Aphasia and Neuroscience Evidence
- Understanding How We Produce Written Words: Lessons from the Brain
- Motor Speech Disorders
- Investigating the Spatial and Temporal Components of Speech Production
- The Dorsal Stream Auditory-Motor Interface for Speech
- Neural Representations of Concept Knowledge
- Finding Concepts in Brain Patterns: From Feature Lists to Similarity Spaces
- The How and What of Object Knowledge in the Human Brain
- Neural Basis of Monolingual and Bilingual Reading
- Dyslexia and Its Neurobiological Basis
- Speech Perception: A Perspective from Lateralization, Motorization, and Oscillation
- Sentence Processing: Toward a Neurobiological Approach
- Comprehension of Metaphors and Idioms: An Updated Meta-analysis of Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging Studies
- Language Comprehension and Emotion: Where Are the Interfaces, and Who Cares?
- Grammatical Categories
- Neurocognitive Mechanisms of Agrammatism
- Verbal Working Memory
- Subcortical Contributions to Language
- Lateralization of Language
- Neural Mechanisms of Music and Language
Abstract and Keywords
Over the last two decades, neuroimaging research has provided extensive knowledge about the neural basis of reading. However, there are still important debates about the functional role of reading-related regions and networks, and unanswered questions that will need to be addressed to further understand how reading is accomplished by the neural systems of monolingual and bilingual individuals. This chapter offers a critical review of (1) the functional specialization of left perisylvian reading regions and their participation in orthographic, phonological, and semantic reading systems; (2) the division of labor between ventral and dorsal reading networks and the factors that modulate them; and (3) the neural correlates supporting bilingual reading and the impact of age of acquisition, language proficiency, language exposure, and language orthography in the modulation of bilingual reading regions and networks. The chapter summarizes relevant current and future directions in the study of the neural mechanisms supporting this phylogenetically relatively new human ability.
Pedro M. Paz-Alonso, PhD, is the Principal Investigator leading the Language and Memory Control research group at the Basque Center on Cognition, Brain and Language (BCBL). He received his training at the Center for Mind and Brain at the University of California, Davis, and at the Helen Wills Neuroscience Institute at the University of California, Berkeley. He uses functional and structural MRI to further understand the neurobiological basis of reading, language control, and memory processes and their development over childhood. He has been recently awarded with the Ramón y Cajal research fellowship.
Myriam Oliver, PhD, is a cognitive neuroscientist who obtained her PhD at the Basque Center on Cognition, Brain and Language (BCBL). Currently, she works at the Hoeft Lab for Educational Neuroscience at University of California, San Francisco. The main aim of her research is to understand how reading modulates structurally and functionally the neural networks in healthy bilinguals and monolinguals.
Ileana Quiñones, PhD, is a Postdoctoral Researcher at the Basque Center on Cognition, Brain and Language (BCBL). Her main research interests focus on the characterization of the brain dynamics underlying language comprehension, a theoretical problem with a direct impact on education and social policies. Her research experience includes studies with healthy participants and atypical populations, with different paradigms and with a varied of behavioral and neuroimaging techniques (e.g., electroencephalographic, MRI, fMRI and DTI).
Manuel Carreiras, PhD, is the Scientific Director of the Basque Center on Cognition, Brain and Language (BCBL), Ikerbasque Research Professor, Honorary Professor of the University College of London, and Visiting Professor of the University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU). His research focuses on reading, bilingualism, and second-language learning. He has published more than 200 papers in high-impact journals in the field. His research has been funded by various research agencies, including the European Research Council.
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