- Copyright Page
- Neurolinguistics: A Brief Historical Perspective
- Neurolinguistic Studies of Patients with Acquired Aphasias
- Electrophysiological Methods in the Study of Language Processing
- Studying Language with Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI)
- Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation to Study the Neural Network Account of Language
- Magnetoencephalography and the Cortical Dynamics of Language Processing
- Shedding Light on Language Function and Its Development with Optical Brain Imaging
- What Has Direct Cortical and Subcortical Electrostimulation Taught Us about Neurolinguistics?
- Diffusion Imaging Methods in Language Sciences
- Neuroplasticity: Language and Emotional Development in Children with Perinatal Stroke
- The Neurolinguistics of Bilingualism: Plasticity and Control
- Language and Aging
- Language Plasticity in Epilepsy
- Language Development in Deaf Children: Sign Language and Cochlear Implants
- Neuromotor Organization of Speech Production
- The Neural Organization of Signed Language: Aphasia and Neuroscience Evidence
- Understanding How We Produce Written Words: Lessons from the Brain
- Motor Speech Disorders
- Investigating the Spatial and Temporal Components of Speech Production
- The Dorsal Stream Auditory-Motor Interface for Speech
- Neural Representations of Concept Knowledge
- Finding Concepts in Brain Patterns: From Feature Lists to Similarity Spaces
- The How and What of Object Knowledge in the Human Brain
- Neural Basis of Monolingual and Bilingual Reading
- Dyslexia and Its Neurobiological Basis
- Speech Perception: A Perspective from Lateralization, Motorization, and Oscillation
- Sentence Processing: Toward a Neurobiological Approach
- Comprehension of Metaphors and Idioms: An Updated Meta-analysis of Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging Studies
- Language Comprehension and Emotion: Where Are the Interfaces, and Who Cares?
- Grammatical Categories
- Neurocognitive Mechanisms of Agrammatism
- Verbal Working Memory
- Subcortical Contributions to Language
- Lateralization of Language
- Neural Mechanisms of Music and Language
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter reviews speech motor impairments resulting from neurologic disorders, that is, dysarthria and apraxia of speech. The architecture of the brain’s speech motor network is used as a framework to describe the symptom patterns of the most relevant syndromes and their underlying pathomechanisms, with a focus on some of the more controversial issues. The chapter’s final section discusses whether speech motor impairments should be understood as domain-general dysfunctions of respiratory, laryngeal, and vocal tract movements, or as disorders of a motor system specialized for vocal communication.
Wolfram Ziegler, PhD, is Professor of Neurophonetics and Head of the Clinical Neuropsychology Research Group (EKN) at the Institute of Phonetics and Speech Processing, University of Munich, Germany. His main areas of research are speech motor control and disorders.
Theresa Schölderle, PhD, is a Research Associate in the Clinical Neuropsychology Research Group (EKN) at the Institute of Phonetics and Speech Processing, University of Munich, Germany. Her main area of research is early-acquired dysarthria. Moreover, she works as a speech therapist in an institution for children and adults with multiple disabilities.
Ingrid Aichert, PhD, is a speech-language pathologist. She works as a Research Associate in the Clinical Neuropsychology Research Group (EKN) at the Institute of Phonetics and Speech Processing, University of Munich, Germany. Her main areas of research are apraxia of speech and phonological disorders.
Anja Staiger, PhD, is a speech therapist and neurophonetician. She works as a Research Associate in the Clinical Neuropsychology Research Group (EKN) at the Institute of pg xixPhonetics and Speech Processing, University of Munich, Germany. Her main areas of research are speech motor disorders (apraxia of speech and dysarthria).
Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.
If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.