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date: 15 September 2019

Abstract and Keywords

The transition to high technology farming in Brazil, adapted to tropical conditions has led to a unique farming system in which water and soil conservation is a key element. The purpose of this chapter is to show how rainfed agriculture in Brazil has evolved effective and sustainable production practices, including the sound management of green water, and how the agro-neoliberal system, today in place, is transforming productivity and environmental stewardship. However, Brazilian farmers still tend to overlook how their productive practices impact natural resources. Their view of natural resources is still primarily utilitarian. They categorize water issues as environmental concerns; not as productive ones. To reverse this tendency, new approaches are needed. It is essential to recognize the vulnerable position of farmers in the world food production system and to promote incentives that allow them to make production choices without the current dependence on private actors and economic gains.

Keywords: water and soil conservation, environmental issues, farming, agro-neoliberalism, Brazil.

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