- Oxford Library of Psychology
- Copyright Page
- About the Editor
- Inside the Black Box: Motivational Science in the 21st Century
- Social Cognitive Theory and Motivation
- A Self-Regulatory Viewpoint on Human Behavior
- Regulatory Focus Theory and Research: Catching Up and Looking Forward After 20 Years
- A Terror Management Theory Perspective on Human Motivation
- The Nature and the Conditions of Human Autonomy and Flourishing: Self-Determination Theory and Basic Psychological Needs
- Ego Depletion: Theory and Evidence
- The Complex Role of Choice in Human Motivation and Functioning
- Curiosity and Motivation
- Flow: The Experience of Intrinsic Motivation
- Implicit–Explicit Motive Congruence and Moderating Factors
- Interest and Its Development, Revisited
- Achievement Goals
- Goal Attainment
- Does Goal Pursuit Require Conscious Awareness?
- On Gains and Losses, Means and Ends: Goal Orientation and Goal Focus Across Adulthood
- The Five Pillars of Self-Enhancement and Self-Protection
- The Gendered Body Project: Sexual and Self-Objectification as Motivated and Motivating Processes
- Relatedness Between Children and Parents: Implications for Motivation
- Motivational Neuroscience
- Advancing Issues in Motivation Intensity Research: Updated Insights from the Cardiovascular System
- Autonomous Motivation, Internalization, and the Self: A Functional Approach of Interacting Neuropsychological Systems
- Motivation in Psychotherapy
- Motivation in Education
- Advances in Motivation in Exercise and Physical Activity
- Motivational Processes in Youth Sport and Physical Activity
- Work Motivation: Where do the Different Perspectives Lead Us?
- Envisioning Progress and Perils: Musings on the Future of Motivation Research in a Rapidly Evolving World
Abstract and Keywords
Social cognitive theory is a theory of human behavior that emphasizes learning from the social environment. This chapter focuses on Bandura’s social cognitive theory, which postulates reciprocal interactions among personal, behavioral, and social/environmental factors. Persons use various vicarious, symbolic, and self-regulatory processes as they strive to develop a sense of agency in their lives. Key motivational processes are goals and self-evaluations of progress, outcome expectations, values, social comparisons, and self-efficacy. People set goals and evaluate their goal progress. The perception of progress sustains self-efficacy and motivation. Individuals act in accordance with their values and strive for outcomes they desire. Social comparisons with others provide further information on their learning and goal attainment. Self-efficacy is a critical influence on motivation and affects task choices, effort, persistence, and achievement. Recommendations are made for future research.
Keywords: social cognitive theory, vicarious processes, symbolic processes, self-regulatory processes, goals, self-evaluations of progress, outcome expectations, values, social comparisons, self-efficacy
School of Education, University of North Carolina, Greensboro, Greensboro, NC, USA
College of Education, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, USA
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