- Oxford Library of Psychology
- Copyright Page
- About the Editor
- Inside the Black Box: Motivational Science in the 21st Century
- Social Cognitive Theory and Motivation
- A Self-Regulatory Viewpoint on Human Behavior
- Regulatory Focus Theory and Research: Catching Up and Looking Forward After 20 Years
- A Terror Management Theory Perspective on Human Motivation
- The Nature and the Conditions of Human Autonomy and Flourishing: Self-Determination Theory and Basic Psychological Needs
- Ego Depletion: Theory and Evidence
- The Complex Role of Choice in Human Motivation and Functioning
- Curiosity and Motivation
- Flow: The Experience of Intrinsic Motivation
- Implicit–Explicit Motive Congruence and Moderating Factors
- Interest and Its Development, Revisited
- Achievement Goals
- Goal Attainment
- Does Goal Pursuit Require Conscious Awareness?
- On Gains and Losses, Means and Ends: Goal Orientation and Goal Focus Across Adulthood
- The Five Pillars of Self-Enhancement and Self-Protection
- The Gendered Body Project: Sexual and Self-Objectification as Motivated and Motivating Processes
- Relatedness Between Children and Parents: Implications for Motivation
- Motivational Neuroscience
- Advancing Issues in Motivation Intensity Research: Updated Insights from the Cardiovascular System
- Autonomous Motivation, Internalization, and the Self: A Functional Approach of Interacting Neuropsychological Systems
- Motivation in Psychotherapy
- Motivation in Education
- Advances in Motivation in Exercise and Physical Activity
- Motivational Processes in Youth Sport and Physical Activity
- Work Motivation: Where do the Different Perspectives Lead Us?
- Envisioning Progress and Perils: Musings on the Future of Motivation Research in a Rapidly Evolving World
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter explores motivational questions that arise when the psychology of girls and women is viewed through the lens of objectification theory, which highlights the centrality of appearance concerns, or body projects, for girls and women in the early 21st century. The chapter examines three theoretical perspectives for what motivates sexually objectifying views and treatment of women and women’s own participation in self-objectifying body projects, which have garnered compelling evidence: a power-related motivation, an existential motivation, and a system-justifying motivation. It then investigates the cultivation, through developmental processes and immersion in objectifying environments, of self-objectification at a trait level, as well as the more direct situational experiences that induce states of self-objectification. And, finally, it reviews evidence that self-objectification, though motivating in itself, carries significant consequences for girls’ and women’s health, well-being, and full participation in the world.
Department of Psychology, The Colorado College, Colorado Springs, CO, USA
The Colorado College, Colorado Springs, CO, USA
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