- Oxford Library of Psychology
- Copyright Page
- About the Editor
- Inside the Black Box: Motivational Science in the 21st Century
- Social Cognitive Theory and Motivation
- A Self-Regulatory Viewpoint on Human Behavior
- Regulatory Focus Theory and Research: Catching Up and Looking Forward After 20 Years
- A Terror Management Theory Perspective on Human Motivation
- The Nature and the Conditions of Human Autonomy and Flourishing: Self-Determination Theory and Basic Psychological Needs
- Ego Depletion: Theory and Evidence
- The Complex Role of Choice in Human Motivation and Functioning
- Curiosity and Motivation
- Flow: The Experience of Intrinsic Motivation
- Implicit–Explicit Motive Congruence and Moderating Factors
- Interest and Its Development, Revisited
- Achievement Goals
- Goal Attainment
- Does Goal Pursuit Require Conscious Awareness?
- On Gains and Losses, Means and Ends: Goal Orientation and Goal Focus Across Adulthood
- The Five Pillars of Self-Enhancement and Self-Protection
- The Gendered Body Project: Sexual and Self-Objectification as Motivated and Motivating Processes
- Relatedness Between Children and Parents: Implications for Motivation
- Motivational Neuroscience
- Advancing Issues in Motivation Intensity Research: Updated Insights from the Cardiovascular System
- Autonomous Motivation, Internalization, and the Self: A Functional Approach of Interacting Neuropsychological Systems
- Motivation in Psychotherapy
- Motivation in Education
- Advances in Motivation in Exercise and Physical Activity
- Motivational Processes in Youth Sport and Physical Activity
- Work Motivation: Where do the Different Perspectives Lead Us?
- Envisioning Progress and Perils: Musings on the Future of Motivation Research in a Rapidly Evolving World
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter begins with a description of how the goal concept emerged in the history of the psychology of motivation to better understand the important role it plays in current research on motivation. The chapter then turns to the self-regulation of goal pursuit. The effects and underlying processes of two different self-regulation strategies will be discussed in detail: mental contrasting and forming implementation intentions. The chapter concludes with a report of the results of recent intervention studies that combine the self-regulation strategies of mental contrasting and forming implementation intentions to help people enhance goal attainment in the health, academic, and interpersonal domains.
Peter M. Gollwitzer, PhD, Department of Psychology, New York University
Gabriele Oettingen, PhD Department of Psychology, New York University
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