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date: 18 August 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter examines restorative justice as an alternative to penal sanctions, but also as a comprehensive proposal to tackle criminality, which includes interventions in criminal prosecution and criminal proceedings as well. The goal of restorative justice is to resolve the conflict between offenders and victims by redressing the harm within a voluntary and organized process. However, restorative justice does not seem to have the position it deserves. Before explaining why this is so, the chapter considers how restorative justice has developed in practice by describing the main models of restorative justice processes, the crimes to which they may be applied and the internal coherence of existing relevant provisions in national legislations. It then highlights the advantages of restorative justice as well as the problems of its implementation. It also describes the interventions made by international and European institutions to support restorative justice and concludes with proposals to promote restorative justice in practice.

Keywords: restorative justice, penal sanctions, prosecution, criminal proceedings, crimes, international institutions, Europe

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