Abstract and Keywords
This article examines the impact of human resource management (HRM) on organizational performance in the healthcare sector. It reviews the literature on the relationship between HRM practice and organizational outcomes in healthcare, as well as the current state of knowledge and debate on this relationship. It then considers how the HRM agenda in healthcare and its connection to organizational outcomes might be influenced by broad contextual factors, with particular reference to institutional developments mainly in the British National Health Service. It discusses public policy developments and the growing pressure faced by developed countries to address the performance of their healthcare systems, including workforce management issues, and considers research framed in large part by mainstream debates in the field of HRM with regard to the HRM-performance connection. Finally, it analyzes a more refined research stream that explores the association between patterns of staffing and various outcomes.
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