Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD HANDBOOKS ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Handbooks Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 05 August 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter reviews literature having to do with the social-behavioral neuroendocrinology of competition, dominance, and status hierarchies in humans. After defining these terms, their importance, and everyday relevance, the chapter discusses the major research findings that suggest a bidirectional influence between these social behaviors and the steroid hormones cortisol and testosterone. Specifically, the association between cortisol and social rank and cortisol’s reactivity to social challenges are discussed. Further, this chapter discusses research that tests the predictions that basal testosterone is related to status-motivated behavior, that testosterone levels are transiently altered during contests for status, and that these changes function to promote subsequent status-seeking behavior. Noting the nuance of these findings, the personality and context factors that appear to moderate testosterone–status relationships are highlighted. Finally, this chapter includes both a new theoretical model for the testosterone–social status relationship that captures this complexity and, in closing, summarizes promising areas of future research.

Keywords: competition, dominance, status, social hierarchy, testosterone, cortisol, dual-hormone hypothesis

Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us.