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date: 17 October 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Plato’s philosophy of education and art begins (in the Apology, Protagoras, and Gorgias) with reflection on the differences between the sophists’ and Socrates’s methods of engaging would-be students, and turns to an account of what these methods presuppose about the nature of the soul that is to be educated (in the Republic). Developments in Plato’s educational proposals throughout the dialogues (from the early dialogues to the Republic, and then the Republic to the Laws, Timaeus, and Phaedrus) go hand in hand with developments in his way of conceiving of the nature of the soul—both its capabilities and its limitations.

Keywords: Plato, sophists, musical education, mathematics, dialectic, moral psychology, non-rational soul, reason, poetry, art

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