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date: 02 December 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter focuses on political theories that were forged by the Jesuits. It analyzes how these theories became dogmatic outfits used by the Society of Jesus, as well as by the church and the monarchies, and how the information that came from other continents nourished the reflection of the theologians in Europe. In their roles as professors at the universities and as counselors to kings, these theologians wrote extensively about politics and law in treaties that intended to include discussions on European monarchies and their overseas dominions, as well as on all other republics, in a comprehensive theory of the state and of human law. Therefore, special attention is given to authors who had practical experience of overseas countries and, in the European setting, to the most influential theologians who made an effort at assimilating and processing information from abroad to develop an all-inclusive perspective.

Keywords: Jesuits, political authority, resistance, tyrannicide, law, indirect power, anti-Machiavellism, Catholic reason of state, war, slavery

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