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date: 22 October 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter outlines the less studied finances of Jesuit overseas missions in the early modern period, drawing from incomplete sources for Portuguese Asia and more substantial primary sources (and secondary literature) for Spanish America. It discusses several conceptual points: How did Jesuits and outsiders reflect on their wealth? How and why was the relationship between God and Mammon problematic? In what regions were the Jesuits wealthy, and was this a result of Jesuit managerial skills? The chapter provides an overview of Jesuit missions’ finances through four sources of income: state patronage, private benefactors, trade, and lands/properties. While it is impossible to exhaustively discuss the finances of every Jesuit mission through these categories, female donors and the finances of Jesuit missions in China are given special attention.

Keywords: Jesuit, finance, trade, royal patronage (patronato and padroado), anti-Jesuitism, wealth, Lavalette affair, procurator, landed property (lands), Monita Privata

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