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date: 22 October 2020

Abstract and Keywords

Divided into nine administrative regions, Jesuits in Africa are involved in a number of educational and pastoral ministries in thirty-six countries. This geographical spread occurred as a response to greater openness to missions after World War II and growing appreciation of African cultures after Vatican II. Between 1861 and 1945, Jesuits had concentrated on Madagascar, southern Africa, and Congo. In these regions they acted as evangelizers within the context of the nineteenth-century influx of Christian missions into Africa and organized themselves along the lines of colonial spheres of influence. Jesuit missions in these three regions were new, not resuscitations of previous Jesuit existence in Angola, Mozambique, and Ethiopia before the Society’s suppression in 1773. The presuppression missions had lasted for almost two centuries, thus linking the Jesuits to the poorly researched second wave of evangelization in Africa and connecting the continent to the very beginnings of the Society of Jesus.

Keywords: Jesuits, colonialism, Africa, Mozambique, Angola, Congo, Ethiopia, Madagascar, Zambezi Mission, Arrupe

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