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date: 02 July 2022

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter discusses the progress and challenges of mainstreaming gender in UN peacekeeping. To do so, we trace the evolution and impact of the Women, Peace, and Security (WPS) agenda’s successive resolutions on peacekeeping. Specifically, we provide an overview of the participation of female peacekeeping personnel in UN missions, tracing key target and agenda-setting policy events, as well as examining causes for the slow progress in female participation. This chapter also highlights the internal tensions within WPS itself by examining the implementation of Resolution 1325 in the peacekeeping field. To that end, we consider the operational dimensions of the WPS agenda in UN peacekeeping, highlighting issues brought to the fore by the WPS Global Study and the High-level Panel on Peace Operations (HIPPO) reports. Moreover, we examine the coherence of these two reports and offer strategies for the implementation of their recommendations. Finally, we argue that while gender-balancing might be tokenistic, it is a necessary but insufficient strategy to ensure meaningful participation in this highly militarized context.

Keywords: peacekeeping, WPS global study, high- level panel, peace operations, gender-balancing, meaningful participation

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