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date: 09 May 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter discusses evidence that musical pitch is conceived and represented spatially, and that bodily experience provides a rich source for conceptualizing music metaphorically. It also describes how bodily gestures may be combined with perceptual representations of music, focusing on music-related movements of performers, such as facial expressions and gestures. Such expressive bodily movements help to shape listeners’ perception of music structure and link perception to action. Furthermore, it describes the function of spatial representations of music, and discusses evidence that musical expertise affects the stability and reliability of these spatial representations. Finally, a cognitive-motor framework for understanding spatial representations of music is proposed, which makes predictions about how this representation is manifested, differentially relied on, and sometimes disrupted in individuals with varying levels of expertise.

Keywords: musical pitch, spatial representation, bodily movement, facial expression, gesture

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