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date: 19 November 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Cognitive training approaches in the treatment of pediatric psychopathology rely on the identification of specific aberrant cognitive processes that could be targeted for rectification via training. Such processes include threat-related attention and interpretation, working memory, and emotion recognition, among others. A selective review is given of mental processes that have been identified as potential targets for psychological treatment and the technologies that could be harnessed for such therapeutic targeting. Implementation of cognitive training procedures in the treatment of children, adolescents, and adults is described, and their clinical efficacy is evaluated. Recent technologies harnessed for the implementation of cognitive training protocols, such as eye-tracking, virtual reality, and neuromodulation, are described and their potential applications in novel therapeutic procedures and in improvement of extant cognitive training protocols are discussed.

Keywords: psychopathology, attention, interpretation, working memory, emotion recognition, technology, eye tracking, virtual reality, neuromodulation, treatment

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