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date: 18 November 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Gender dysphoria refers to the distress that is the result of the incongruence between one’s gender identity and gender assigned at birth. Feelings of gender dysphoria can be present in individuals of all ages; the need for clinical attention and the aim of counseling however is different for children, adolescents, and adults. This chapter focuses on gender dysphoria in children and adolescents. It starts by introducing the phenomenon of gender dysphoria, descrfibing the way it is diagnosed and the prevalence. In addition, based on what is known from the literature, the assessment and counseling approaches in children and adolescents with gender dysphoria are described and discussed.

Keywords: gender dysphoria, gender identity, diagnosis, assessment, childhood

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