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date: 11 December 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental condition consisting of deficits in social communication and presentation of restricted and repetitive behaviors and interests. An increasingly large proportion of youth are diagnosed with ASD. ASD evinces a complex clinical presentation, ranging from a severe early impact on functioning to manifestations that present similarly to other (often comorbid) internalizing and externalizing conditions. In recent years, the reliability and standardization of ASD assessment has improved considerably. Likewise, there is now a fairly wide range of treatment options and prognoses, with several psychosocial interventions attaining empirically supported status and a nontrivial percentage of youth with ASD showing significant symptom reduction over time. This chapter describes ASD and reviews key empirically supported assessment and intervention practices. A case example is presented of an adolescent with ASD. Finally, challenges and future directions are described, as are implications for clinical practice for youth with ASD.

Keywords: autism spectrum disorder, assessment, treatment, intervention, adolescents, psychosocial interventions

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