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date: 14 April 2021

Abstract and Keywords

The chapter presents a number of energy-focused campaigns organized by activists in developed and developing countries. After contrasting reactive campaigns that oppose various energy projects with proactive campaigns that support renewable energy, the chapter discusses the ways in which governments and energy companies have responded to these campaigns. The main argument is that we are witnessing the beginning of an energy-focused global movement, which has organized large protests and demonstrations to attract mass media attention and influence public opinion. This movement has also triggered a backlash from the fossil fuel countermovement. The conclusion of the chapter explores current and future trends in energy production around the world.

Keywords: social movements, protest, fossil fuels, counter-movements, renewable energy.

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