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date: 14 April 2021

Abstract and Keywords

Several factors limit the ability of households to conserve energy or transition to alternative energy sources, even when individuals are motivated to do so. This chapter is organized around several forms of fossil-fuel dependency: economic, organizational, and societal lock-in. For illustrative examples, it draws on 45 interviews from three groups who are attempting to reduce their consumption of energy, water, and consumer goods: voluntary simplifiers, religious environmentalists, and green homeowners. Economic, organizational, and societal constraints guide consumption patterns down certain paths and resist change. In order to make new paths more widely available, systemic changes and upstream solutions are required.

Keywords: fossil fuel, energy, water, environmentalism, green, carbon lock-in

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