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date: 18 August 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter provides an overview of how warfare and militarization, as historical processes, have mutated and changed in parallel with and intersecting processes of globalization. Given the contradictory trajectory of less lethal wars that break out increasingly more frequently and last longer, it is necessary to revisit accepted definitions of war. The chapter provides insight into how to think about war as a conceptual problem rather than a discrete empirical phenomenon. Attempts to simplify war for the purposes of measuring it have created significant shortcomings in the fields of international relations, security studies, and war studies. This chapter does not attempt to develop a replacement definition. Instead, it is argued that the changing nature of war should be treated as a problematic for research and investigation rather than trying to settle on another definition of war that fails to keep up with the dynamic and complex character of empirical reality.

Keywords: war, militarization, geopolitics, postcolonialism, identity politics, networks, insurgency, terrorism, surveillance, security

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