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date: 08 May 2021

Abstract and Keywords

There are important differences in the health of men and women. While women typically report worse health than men and suffer from more health conditions, they also live longer. These patterns become less paradoxical when analyzed in greater detail: Women and men suffer from different conditions, especially at younger ages. In particular, women are more likely to suffer from chronic conditions, while men are more likely to suffer from life-threatening conditions. In this chapter, I document these differences and summarize biological, economic, and social explanations of sex differences in health. Despite a large literature exploring sex differences in health, much remains to be learned about the interaction of biological, economic, and social factors and their effects on health.

Keywords: mortality, morbidity, allostatic load, health behaviors, sex, gender

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