Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD HANDBOOKS ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Handbooks Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 30 June 2022

Abstract and Keywords

This article examines how direct and indirect pronatalist policies implemented in many developed countries to promote childbearing affect fertility. More specifically, it reviews the extant empirical literature on direct subsidies, family leave, child care, publically provided health insurance, and tax policy. Before evaluating the evidence in these five areas, the article first considers the theoretical association between pronatalist policies and fertility, as well as the common empirical methods utilized in this literature. It then summarizes some of the major findings on child subsidies, family leave policies, child care cost and availability, public health insurance, and tax incentives. Finally, it highlights several gaps that need to be addressed in future research.

Keywords: pronatalist policies, developed countries, childbearing, fertility, family leave, child care, child subsidies, public health insurance, tax incentives, child care cost

Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us.