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date: 25 June 2022

Abstract and Keywords

This article explores whether new research linking economic decision-making to human biology provides an explanation for gendered labor market outcomes, in particular the gender wage gap. Literature in four broad areas is reviewed: behavioral endocrinology (hormones), human genetics (behavioral genetics and genoeconomics), neuroeconomics, and sensory functioning and time-space perceptions. Often the research focus is on biologically-based differences in men’s and women’s abilities to make decisions more generally, and one is left to speculate about the implications for labor market outcomes specifically. Therefore, the article concludes by highlighting some of the fundamental issues that are not yet understood and offering some priorities for future research.

Keywords: labor market outcomes, gender wage gap, human biology, behavioral endocrinology, human genetics, behavioral genetics, genoeconomics, neuroeconomics, sensory functioning, time-space perceptions

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