- Oxford Library of Psychology
- The Oxford Handbook of Eating Disorders
- About the Editors
- The Classification of Eating Disorders
- Research Domain Criteria: The Impact of RDoC on the Conceptualization of Eating Disorders
- Epidemiology and Course of Eating Disorders
- Appetitive Regulation in Anorexia Nervosa and Bulimia Nervosa
- Genetic Influences on Eating Disorders
- Psychosocial Risk Factors for Eating Disorders
- Dieting and the Eating Disorders
- Mood, Emotions, and Eating Disorders
- Cultural Influences on Body Image and Eating Disorders
- Psychological Assessment of the Eating Disorders
- Medical Complications of Anorexia Nervosa and Bulimia Nervosa
- Psychological Comorbidities of Eating Disorders
- Prevention: Current Status and Underlying Theory
- Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Eating Disorders
- Interpersonal Psychotherapy for the Treatment of Eating Disorders
- Family Therapy
- Dialectical Behavior Therapy and Emotion-Focused Therapies for Eating Disorders
- Self-Help and Stepped Care Treatments for Eating Disorders
- Pharmacotherapy for Eating Disorders
- Cognitive Remediation Therapy for Eating Disorders
- Costs and Cost-Effectiveness in Eating Disorders
- Selective Eating: Normative Developmental Phase or Clinical Condition?
- Emerging Syndromes
- Eating Disorders and Problematic Eating Behaviors After Bariatric Surgery
- Virtual Reality: Applications to Eating Disorders
- Mobile Device Applications for the Assessment and Treatment of Eating Disorders
- Internet-Based Interventions for Eating Disorders
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter provides an updated overview of risk factors for eating disorders, on the basis of the risk factor taxonomy described by (Kraemer et al., 1997). It summarizes risk factors identified in longitudinal studies and markers and retrospective correlates from cross-sectional studies through April 2002 for anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and binge eating disorder, identifies new studies published between May 2002 and June 2015, and integrates them into the earlier review. The updated review confirms that longitudinal evidence on risk factors is strongest for nonspecific eating disorder diagnoses including subclinical forms and weakest for participants with diagnoses of anorexia nervosa. When strict criteria for caseness are applied, the majority of risk factors were not able to predict distinct diagnoses and only very few risk factors were confirmed in more than one sample. Case prediction, specificity, and replication therefore remain the biggest challenges in risk factor research for eating disorders.
Corinna Jacobi, Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Technische Universität Dresden.
Kristian Hütter Institut fur Klinische Psychologie und Psychotherapie Technische University Dresden Dresden, Germany
Eike Fittig Institut fur Klinische Psychologie und Psychotherapie Technische University Dresden Dresden, Germany
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