- Copyright Page
- The Law and Economics of the Going-Public Decision
- IPO Regulators Gone Wild
- Determinants of Variation in IPO Underpricing
- IPO Valuation: The International Evidence
- Survey and Synthesis of the IPO Underpricing Literature: The Fixed-Offer Price Constraint as a Unifying Core Explanation
- IPO Market Conditions and Timing over the Long Run
- The Interplay of IPO and M&A Markets: The Many Ways That One Affects the Other
- Lower Visibility Platforms Serving as Stepping Stones to National Stock Exchanges: The Case of Shell Reverse Mergers
- Going Public in China: Reverse Mergers versus IPOs on Chinese Markets
- Specified Purpose Acquisition Company IPOs
- The Impact of IPOs’ Analyst Coverage on the Choice and Timing of SEOs: A Survival Analysis
- Auditor Selection and IPO Underpricing
- The Structure and Role of the Underwriting Syndicate
- Venture Capital and Financial Reporting in Newly Public Firms
- The Dark Side of Venture Capital Syndication and IPO Firm Performance: The Impact of Different Institutional Environments
- All Ties Are Not Created Equal: Institutional Equity Ties, IPO Performance, and Market Growth of New Ventures
- Is Exchange Regulation Effective for Junior Public Equity Markets?
- Corporate Governance in European IPOs
- Survival of Initial Public Offerings on Europe’s New Stock Markets
- Initial Public Offerings in Germany between 1997 and 2015
- The Underpricing of Initial Public Offerings and Private Placements of Equity in China
- IPOs in New Zealand: An Analysis of Benchmark-Adjusted Performance
- Initial Public Offerings in Hong Kong
- The Admission and Regulation of Overseas Issuers: A Survey of the Top Four Financial Centers
- IPOs in a Major Emerging Market Economy—India
- Private Capital Marketplaces and IPOs
- Crowdfunding: Business and Regulatory Perspective
- Regulatory Arbitrage in Cross-Border Crowdfunding
Abstract and Keywords
In the aftermath of the 2008 financial crisis, small businesses found it increasingly difficult to raise funds. As a response, equity crowdfunding has emerged as a viable alternative for sourcing capital to support innovative, entrepreneurial ideas and ventures. A number of securities regulators across the world have dealt with, or are in the process of dealing with, equity crowdfunding as a disruptive innovation to established processes of corporate fundraising. However, most equity crowdfunding regulations do not take into account one critical aspect of crowdfunding—that of cross-border crowdfunding. Using a comparative analysis of a number of jurisdictions around the world in their treatment of equity crowdfunding, this chapter argues that in jurisdictions where crowdfunding activities are unregulated or have a low threshold of regulations, the opportunities arising from the resultant regulatory arbitrage could then be used by fund-seeking companies based in jurisdictions where crowdfunding is prohibited or highly regulated.
Arjya B. Majumdar is Associate Professor and Director, Office of Academic Planning, Co-ordination and Interdisciplinarity at Jindal Global Law School.
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