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date: 17 August 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Christology in the Presbyterian tradition has reflected two continuing concerns—the safeguarding of Christ’s humanity and the recognition that Christ is central to both the accomplishing and the application of salvation. Calvin and other Reformers defended the deity of Christ against anti-Trinitarians, and they debated the nature of the hypostatic union with Luther and his successors. Reformed Christology was further codified as Orthodox theologians carefully explained that the union of natures does not entail the communication of divine attributes to Christ’s humanity. The nineteenth century saw increased focus on the humanity of Christ, the rise of ethical Christologies as alternatives to Chalcedon, and efforts to place Christology at the center of the theological enterprise. Twentieth-century Presbyterianism experienced conflict between the theologically conservative and liberal elements and the retrieval by Barth and others of the classical Christological tradition. Contemporary Presbyterianism is characterized by significant and perhaps irreconcilable Christological diversity.

Keywords: Christology, Chalcedon, incarnation, two natures doctrine, hypostatic union, communication of attributes, extra Calvinisticum, genus majestaticum, kenosis, impeccability

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