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date: 17 August 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Although Presbyterians have long professed a strong commitment to church unity, Presbyterian denominations have often been divided by schism. Major disagreements over theology have always played a central role in precipitating these schisms. However, class, ethnic, gender, racial, and regional differences and also personal conflicts have often also contributed significantly to schisms. An examination of the 1843 Great Disruption in Scotland, the 1837 Old School–New School Presbyterian Church schism in the United States, the 1903 formation of the Independent Presbyterian Church of Brazil, and the 1952 rupture that led to the establishment of the Korean Presbyterian Church (Kosin) illustrate this argument.

Keywords: Church of Scotland, Free Church of Scotland, Old School Presbyterians, New School Presbyterians, Presbyterian Church USA, Presbyterian Church of Brazil, Independent Presbyterian Church of Brazil, Presbyterian Church of Korea, schism

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