Abstract and Keywords
Given fundamental differences between the inscriptional and noninscriptional realms of written performance in ancient Egypt, several major textual genres are specifically inscriptional in origins and functions (e.g., the nonroyal autobiography and the royal wḏ, “decree” or authoritative pronouncement). This did not preclude productive interactions between the two realms, manifest in secondary epigraphic genres (e.g., “funerary literature,” hymns and prayers, administrative and judicial texts); relations between epigraphic genres and Middle Egyptian literature are productive in both directions. Lapidary inscriptions are defined by their out-of-the-ordinary register, authoritative nature, resultative aspect, and sacralizing force. Characteristic of various epigraphic genres are their relation to the place of inscription, their focus on the (royal or nonroyal) name, and their integration with pictorial representations.
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