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date: 17 June 2021

Abstract and Keywords

The Phoenicians were famous for their seafaring prowess and long-distance travel and commercial reach. From the beginning of the Iron Age until the fifth century bce, the Phoenicians explored much of the Mediterranean and the Atlantic coasts of Africa and Europe, going as far north as the British Isles and as far south as tropical West Africa, as well as farther west into the Atlantic waters and around the African continent. Although there is some archaeological evidence for these explorations, the bulk of the source material is limited to Greek and Roman literary accounts of Phoenician periploi (circumnavigations), including some translations of actual Phoenician reports, as is the case of that of Hanno.

Keywords: British Isles, circumnavigation of Africa, exploration, Hanno, Himilkon, Kerne, Tin Islands

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