Abstract and Keywords
The Phoenicians never built settlements on the Italian mainland, and the evidence of a Phoenician presence on the Italian peninsula is based mainly on the discovery of luxury items and material found from excavations of indigenous communities, mostly graves. This evidence has often been studied in isolation from the local context. Recent studies have shown, however, that they were part of a larger cross Mediterranean network alongside Greeks, Etruscans, and Sardinians. This chapter examines evidence from the earlier first millennium bce, demonstrating the importance of seeing the material culture in context and concluding that Phoenician influence was a significant strand in the various influences that led to the development of first millennium bce Italian communities.
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