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date: 08 December 2019

(p. xi) Contributors

(p. xi) Contributors

Heather Akin is an Assistant Professor in the School of Journalism at the University of Missouri and former Howard Deshong postdoctoral fellow at the Annenberg Public Policy Center at the University of Pennsylvania. Her research focuses on political communication and public opinion dynamics, specifically related to science, health, and environmental issues.

Dolores Albarracín is a professor of psychology and business at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. She studies attitudes, motivation, and behavior change, in relation to both basic psychological processes and applications to health promotion. She is the lead editor of the Handbook of Attitudes, a coeditor on a behavior-prediction book, and the author of approximately 130 journal articles and chapters. Dr. Albarracín serves on several national and international committees, including the National Institutes of Health Behavioral and Social Science Approaches to Preventing HIV/AIDS Study Section.

David B. Allison, PhD, is Distinguished Professor and associate dean for research and science at the University of Alabama at Birmingham. Dr. Allison founded the Science Unbound Foundation to further “scientific knowledge in the service of health, happiness, and quality of life of humankind through scientific research and education,” has been honored at the White House for his scientific mentoring, has been elected to the National Academy of Medicine of the National Academies, and is a fellow of the American Statistical Association, the New York Academy of Medicine, the Institute of Mathematical Statistics, the American Psychological Association, and other scientific societies.

Jonathan Baron is a professor of psychology at the University of Pennsylvania. His long-term interest has been the psychology of good thinking and of where thinking goes wrong. He is author of several books, including Thinking and Deciding, a standard textbook, and he is current editor of the journal Judgment and Decision Making.

Heinz Bonfadelli is a professor emeritus of the University of Zürich’s Institute of Mass Communication and Media Research. His research has focused on media use by science and risk communication and media effects and impact.

Dominique Brossard, PhD, Cornell University, is a professor and chair in the Department of Life Sciences Communication at the University of Wisconsin (UW)–Madison and an affiliate of the UW–Madison Robert & Jean Holtz Center for Science and Technology Studies, the UW–Madison Center for Global Studies, and the Morgridge Institute for Research. Her teaching responsibilities include courses in strategic communication theory and research, with a focus on science and risk communication. Brossard’s research agenda focuses on the intersection between science, media, and policy with the Science, Media and the Public (SCIMEP) research group, which she codirects.

Andrew W. Brown, PhD, is a scientist with the Office of Energetics and Nutrition Obesity Research Center at the University of Alabama at Birmingham. Formally trained in nutrition, biochemistry, and statistics, he brings practical, basic science experience to evaluating how nutrition research is conducted and communicated. His recent work involves investigating myths and presumptions (p. xii) in nutrition and obesity literature, meta-analyzing studies about nutritional influences on obesity, characterizing reporting practices that may perpetuate nutrition misinformation, and crowdsourcing the synthesis of published research.

Victoria Cain is an assistant professor of history at Northeastern University. She is the co-author, with Karen Rader, of Life on Display: Revolutionizing U.S. Museums of Science and Natural History in the Twentieth Century (Chicago, 2014). She has published widely on visual pedagogy, museum exhibition, educational media, and classroom technology, and is currently working on a book-length history of screens in schools.

Man-pui Sally Chan, PhD, has a background in information systems and received her doctoral degree in psychology. She has been a postdoctoral fellow at the University of Cambridge and is currently a research associate at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Dr. Chan’s interests are in incorporating the data science approach to address social and health psychology research questions and examining the influences of social media on individuals’ beliefs and attitudes as well as mental and physical well-being in various settings (e.g., by conducting meta-analyses and laboratory experiments).

Elizabeth Good Christopherson is the president and chief executive officer of the Rita Allen Foundation, which invests in transformative ideas in their earliest stages to leverage their growth and promote breakthrough solutions to significant social and scientific problems. She is the recipient of five honorary degrees and numerous awards for public service, including the prestigious 2007 Women Who Make a Difference Award from the International Women’s Forum.

Michael Dahlstrom, PhD, is the associate director of the Greenlee School of Journalism and Communication at Iowa State University and a previous head of the Communicating Science, Health, Environment and Risk division of the Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication. His research focuses on the effects of narratives on perceptions of science, and his research has been published in journals such as Science Communication, Communication Research, and Media Psychology. Dahlstrom received a joint PhD in Journalism and Mass Communications and Environmental Resources from the University of Wisconsin-Madison.

Christina Demski is a lecturer of social and environmental psychology as part of the Understanding Risk group at Cardiff University, UK. Her interdisciplinary research focuses on risk perception and communication, specifically examining public responses to emerging and complex sociotechnical issues. Most recently she has examined public values, attitudes, and acceptability of whole energy system transformations, including framing and decision-making with regard to energy futures.

James N. Druckman is the Payson S. Wild professor of political science and faculty fellow at the Institute for Policy Research at Northwestern University. His research focuses on political preference formation and communication. He is currently the coprincipal investigator of Time-Sharing Experiments in the Social Sciences.

Declan Fahy, PhD, is a lecturer at the School of Communications, Dublin City University, Ireland. He is an associate editor of Environmental Communication and the author of The New Celebrity Scientists: Out of the Lab and Into the Limelight (2015).

Lauren Feldman, PhD, University of Pennsylvania, is an associate professor in the School of Communication and Information at Rutgers University. Her research focuses on media effects in science and political contexts. Her work has been supported by grants from the National Science (p. xiii) Foundation, the Carnegie-Knight Task Force on Journalism, and the Spanish Ministry of Science and has been published in numerous peer-reviewed journals and edited volumes.

Matteo Ferrari is an assistant professor of private law at the University of Trento, Italy. His work focuses mainly on food law and comparative private law. He obtained a PhD in comparative private law from the University of Trento in 2008.

Jason Gallo currently leads the IDA Science and Technology Policy Institute’s Earth observation and geospatial work with the Office of Science and Technology Policy and the National Science and Technology Council’s U.S. Group on Earth Observations Subcommittee and Program.

John Gastil, PhD, University of Wisconsin– Madison, is a professor in the Department of Communication Arts & Sciences at Pennsylvania State University and a senior scholar at the McCourtney Institute for Democracy. Gastil’s research focuses on the theory and practice of deliberative democracy. His most recent books include The Jury and Democracy, The Group in Society, Political Communication and Deliberation, and Democracy in Small Groups (2nd ed.).

William K. Hallman is a professor and the chair of the Department of Human Ecology and a member of the graduate faculties in Psychology, Nutritional Sciences, and Planning and Public Policy at Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey. Trained as an experimental psychologist, he is an expert in risk perception and risk communication and has written extensively on public perceptions of controversial issues concerning food, technology, health, and the environment.

Bruce W. Hardy, PhD, is an assistant professor in the Department of Strategic Communication in Temple University’s School of Media and Communication and a Distinguished Research Fellow with the University of Pennsylvania’s Annenberg Public Policy Center. His research focuses on science, political, and health communication; knowledge acquisition, opinion formation, and behavior; emergent technologies and society; and advanced research methods.

Barbara Herr Harthorn, PhD, is a medical and psychological anthropologist who is a professor of anthropology at the University of California–Santa Barbara (UCSB) and director since 2005 of the US National Science Foundation national center, the Center for Nanotechnology in Society at UCSB. Her research examines environmental and health inequality and risk perception and responsible development and innovation.

Christina Hartmann works as a senior researcher at the ETH Zurich, Switzerland. She studied nutritional science at the University Giessen, Germany, and received her PhD from the ETH Zurich, Switzerland. Dr. Hartmann’s research is dedicated to consumer behavior and nutrition psychology. At the moment, her research focus is on perception and acceptance of new food sources, factors influencing food choices, and perception of food risks. She has a strong background with surveys but is also interested in experimental research.

Joseph Hilgard is an assistant professor of social psychology at Illinois State University and a former postdoctoral research fellow at the Annenberg Public Policy Center of University of Pennsylvania. His research studies the causes and consequences of aggression and poor self-control, particularly with regard to video game violence, the excessive use of video games, and racial stereotyping. He also has an active interest in ways to improve the transparency and efficiency of research, including preregistration, data sharing, and meta-analytic adjustments for publication bias.

John P. A. Ioannidis, MD, DSc, is the C. F. Rehnborg Chair in Disease Prevention and Professor of Medicine, of Health Research and Policy, of Biomedical Data Science, and of Statistics at (p. xiv) Stanford University. He is codirector of the Meta- Research Innovation Center at Stanford (METRICS).

Kathleen Hall Jamieson is the Elizabeth Ware Packard Professor at the Annenberg School for Communication of the University of Pennsylvania and the Walter and Leonore Annenberg Director of its Annenberg Public Policy Center.

Christopher Jones majored in psychology at Miami University and obtained his PhD in social psychology at The Ohio State University with his mentor Russ Fazio. Much of Dr. Jones’s work has concerned attitude change and has often fallen at the intersection of social cognition and mental health. His postdoctoral work at the Annenberg Public Policy Center involved a meta-analysis of experiments on the lingering, pernicious effects of misinformation even after retraction and/or correction.

Dan Kahan is the Elizabeth K. Dollard Professor of Law and professor of psychology at Yale Law School. He is a principal investigator for the Cultural Cognition Project, a research lab that studies risk perception and science communication.

Martin Kaplan holds the Norman Lear chair in entertainment, media, and society at the University of Southern California’s Annenberg School for Communication and Journalism, where he also directs the Norman Lear Center. At the Walt Disney Studios, he was vice president for motion picture production, as well as a screenwriter and producer of live-action features. He graduated summa cum laude in molecular biology from Harvard College, where he was president of the Harvard Lampoon, and he holds a PhD from Stanford in modern thought and literature.

Kate Kenski, PhD, University of Pennsylvania, is an associate professor of communication at the University of Arizona where she teaches political communication, public opinion, and research methods. Her book The Obama Victory: How Media, Money, and Message Shaped the 2008 Election (coauthored with Bruce W. Hardy and Kathleen Hall Jamieson; 2010, Oxford University Press) has won several awards, including the 2011 ICA Outstanding Book Award and the 2012 NCA Diamond Anniversary Book Award. Her current research focuses on incivility in online forums and multimedia teaching strategies to mitigate cognitive biases.

David A. Kirby was a practicing evolutionary geneticist before leaving bench science to become senior lecturer in science communication studies at the University of Manchester. His book Lab Coats in Hollywood: Science, Scientists and Cinema examines the historic collaborations between scientists and the entertainment industry. His current book project—Indecent Science: Religion, Science and Movie Censorship—explores how movies serve as a battleground over science’s role in influencing morality.

Asheley R. Landrum is an assistant professor of strategic science communication in the College of Media and Communication at Texas Tech University and a former Howard Deshong Postdoctoral Fellow at the Annenberg Public Policy Center. Her research examines the role of values and beliefs in perceptions of science and emerging technology, and how such perceptions develop across the lifespan.

Bruce V. Lewenstein is professor of science communication at Cornell University. He is trained professionally as a science journalist and academically as a historian of science. He works primarily on the history of public communication of science and technology, with excursions into other areas of science communication (such as informal science education and communication training for scientists). In general, he tries to document the ways that public communication is fundamental to the process of producing reliable knowledge about the natural and constructed worlds.

Nan Li is assistant professor of agricultural communications at Texas Tech University. She received her PhD in mass communications at the University of Wisconsin–Madison and was the Joan Bossert postdoctoral fellow at the Annenberg Public Policy Center of the University of Pennsylvania. Her (p. xv) research focuses on strategic communication and public opinion in the contexts of science, environment, and agriculture.

Tiffany Lohwater is chief communications officer and director of the Office of Public Programs at the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). She founded the AAAS Communicating Science workshop program and expanded the AAAS Center for Public Engagement with Science and Technology. Her work encourages scientists to take a more personal and proactive interest in public engagement. She previously worked in research communications at Johns Hopkins University and Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute.

Robert B. Lull is the Vartan Gregorian postdoctoral fellow in science communication at the Annenberg Public Policy Center of the University of Pennsylvania. His research addresses the influence of emotional arousal on information processing in media contexts.

Arthur Lupia is a Hal R. Varian collegiate professor of political science at the University of Michigan. He studies how people make decisions under conditions of low information and how to convey complex ideas to diverse audiences. In his leadership positions at organizations such as National Academy of Science, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and Climate Central, he helps scientists develop more effective communication strategies.

Adam Marcus cofounded Retraction Watch, works as managing editor of Gastroenterology & Endoscopy News, and teaches medical journalism at Johns Hopkins University.

Elizabeth Marincola is a longtime leader of science publishing, education, policy and advocacy. She has been chief executive of the American Society for Cell Biology and of the Society for Science & the Public. She served on the founding boards of PubMedCentral of the National Institute of Health and of eLife. She until recently was CEO of the nonprofit PLOS, which publishes the largest open access journal in the world. She currently is Senior Advisor for Science Communications and Advocacy at the African Academy of Sciences in Nairobi, Kenya.

Tapan S. Mehta, PhD, MS, is an assistant professor in the Department of Health Services Administration and an associate scientist with the University of Alabama at Birmingham Nutrition Obesity Research Center. He is a data scientist with formal training in biostatistics and computer engineering. Among other research interests, one of his ongoing contributions has been to rigorously evaluate the methods, communication of analysis results, and reproducibility of research especially in the obesity and genomics literature.

Jeffery Morris is director of the US Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) Office of Pollution Prevention and Toxics, which regulates chemicals under the Toxic Substances Control Act. He has held a number of positions at the EPA, including national program director for nanotechnology research. Dr. Morris received his PhD in science and technology studies from Virginia Tech.

Matthew C. Nisbet, PhD, is an associate professor of communication, public policy, and urban affairs at Northeastern University, Boston, editor of the journal Environmental Communication, and editor- in- chief of the Oxford Encyclopedia of Climate Change Communication.

Ivan Oransky, MD, is cofounder of Retraction Watch, Distinguished Writer in Residence at New York University’s Arthur Carter Journalism Institute, and editor at large of MedPage Today.

Ellen Peters, PhD, is a professor of psychology and director of the Decision Sciences Collaborative at The Ohio State University. She studies the basic building blocks of human judgment and (p. xvi) decision-making, with particular emphasis on the roles of affect/emotion, adult aging, and number ability (also called numeracy).

Nick Pidgeon is director of the Understanding Risk Research Group at Cardiff University and professor of environmental risk. He researches public risk perception and public engagement with environmental risks and energy technologies. He is an honorary fellow of the British Science Association and was awarded an MBE in the 2014 Queen’s Birthday Honours for services to climate change awareness and energy security policy.

Barbara Kline Pope is a science publishing and communication professional. She is executive director for communications and the National Academies Press at the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine and a past president of the Association of American University Presses; she also serves on the management board of the MIT Press.

Karen A. Rader is a professor of history and director of the Science, Technology & Society program at Virginia Commonwealth University. She is the co-author, with Victoria Cain, of Life on Display: Revolutionizing U.S. Museums of Science and Natural History in the Twentieth Century (Chicago, 2014) and the author of Making Mice: Standardizing Animals for American Biomedical Research (Princeton, 2004). She is currently researching the academic history and current practice of adult informal STEM education in the United States.

Terre Satterfield is a professor of culture, risk, and the environment and director of the University of British Columbia’s Institute for Resources, Environment and Sustainability and graduate program. An interdisciplinary social scientist, she studies natural resource controversies, environmental values and the meaning and measurement of cultural ecosystem services, and the perceived risk of new technologies.

Mike S. Schäfer is a professor of science communication at the Department of Communication Science and Media Research at the University of Zurich and director of the University’s Centre for Higher Education and Science Studies. His work focuses on science communication, climate change communication, online media, and public sphere theory.

Dietram A. Scheufele is the John E. Ross professor in science communication and Vilas Distinguished Achievement professor at the University of Wisconsin–Madison and in the Morgridge Institute for Research. His research deals with the interface of media, policy, and public opinion.

James Shanahan is the dean of the Media School at Indiana University. He is a mass media effects researcher. He holds a PhD in communication from the University of Massachusetts at Amherst. His research interests focus on cultural indicators, cultivation theory, media effects, and public opinion. Special areas of focus are communication in relation to science and the environment.

Michael Siegrist is a full professor for consumer behavior at the Institute for Environmental Decisions, ETH Zurich, Switzerland. Dr. Siegrist studied psychology, economics, and mass communication at the University of Zurich. He has published numerous articles about risk perception, trust, risk communication, food behavior, and environmental decision-making. His research focuses on sustainable food consumption, acceptance of new technologies, climate change issues, and food hazards.

Brian Southwell, PhD, directs the Science in the Public Sphere program in the Center for Communication Science at RTI International. He also teaches at Duke University and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, in addition to hosting The Measure of Everyday Life, a public radio show focused on social science and public policy. (p. xvii)

Martin Storksdieck is the director of Oregon State University’s Center for Research on Lifelong STEM Learning and a professor in the College of Education and the School of Public Policy. He works in the intersection of research, practice, and policy, focused on STEM learning and science communication across settings and time. He holds master’s degrees in biology and public policy and a PhD in education.

Natalie Jomini Stroud is an associate professor of communication studies, assistant director of research at the Annette Strauss Institute for Civic Life, and director of the Engaging News Project at the University of Texas at Austin. In her published work, including her award-winning book Niche News: The Politics of News Choice, she examines how people’s attitudes and beliefs affect how they engage with information.

Peter Weingart is a professor emeritus of sociology at the University of Bielefeld, Germany, and since 2015 has held the South Africa Research Chair in Science Communication at Stellenbosch University. He cochaired the German National Academy of Science two working groups on Designing Communication between the Scientific Community, the Public, and the Media.

Michael A. Xenos is Communication Arts Partners Professor and Chair of the Department of Communication Arts. His research is focused on the effects of digital media on political engagement, public deliberation, and campaigns and elections. He also serves as the editor-in-chief of the Journal of Information Technology & Politics, the official journal of the Information Technology and Politics section of the American Political Science Association.

Sara K. Yeo, PhD, University of Wisconsin–Madison, is an assistant professor in the Department of Communication at the University of Utah. Her research interests include science communication, public opinion of STEM issues, and information seeking and processing. Dr. Yeo is trained as a bench and field scientist and holds an MS in oceanography from the University of Hawaii at Manoa. Her training in ecology and the life sciences has been invaluable to her research at the intersection of science, media, and politics.

(p. xviii)