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date: 09 December 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Before turning to an evaluation of strategies to overcome selective exposure and judgment, this chapter demonstrates that these selectivity processes occur with respect to science but not in all circumstances. Strategies to curb the occurrence of selectivity are discussed based on the information conveyed and the motivational state of a person encountering scientific information. Theories and research on accountability to others, anxiety, self-affirmation, defensive confidence, and normative information are discussed as ways to reduce selectivity. No one strategy emerges as a cure-all, prompting the presentation of a future research agenda to examine strategies to overcome selective exposure and judgment.

Keywords: accountability, anxiety, self-affirmation, selective exposure, selective judgment

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