Abstract and Keywords
Both Dewey and Russell were Hegelians in their early careers. Acquaintance with Hegel left permanent deposits in their respective thinking about logic. Russell’s atomistic logicism aspired to achieve a foundationalist unity characteristic of his Tiergarten Programme. Dewey’s instrumentalism was rooted in an inside-out inversion and naturalization of Hegel’s dialectical schematism, replacing Hegel’s grand sweep of human history with a down-to-earth pattern of inquiry. Russell’s structuralist approach to deductive logic greatly influenced the development of mathematical logic and linguistics in the twentieth century, some highpoints of which are surveyed here. Dewey’s functionalist approach to logic as a normative theory of inquiry had little influence on this development. Dewey viewed logic more broadly as a study of how abductive, deductive, and inductive forms of inference best work together in the course of inquiry. This approach is spelled out, addressing points of consistency and conflict with contemporary mainstream views of logic.
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