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date: 20 September 2019

Abstract and Keywords

The chapter first considers the role of politics on the size of the shadow economy and how it is affected by political institutions. Second, it investigates the role of the informal sector on direct investment and public debt markets in the “official” economy. The informal sector has significant adverse effects on credit ratings, lending costs, and investment decisions. This has policy implications, especially in the context of the ongoing sovereign debt crisis, since it suggests that, if politics succeed in reducing the informal sector of financially challenged countries, this is likely to reduce credit risk concerns, cutting down lending costs, and stimulating investment.

Keywords: shadow economy, credit rating, debt market, lending cost, informal sector, formal sector, JEL Codes: E26, E43, E44, F34, G15, G24, H63

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