Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD HANDBOOKS ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Handbooks Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 13 July 2020

Abstract and Keywords

Two distinctions are introduced that were not previously explicit in the literature on compassion, which might clarify what is being studied and encourage attention to forms of compassion that have been largely ignored. The first distinction is whether the target of the compassionate behavior is proximal (e.g., seeing someone fall down, badly scraping his or her knee) or distal (e.g., someone not directly observed who might be injured now or in the future). Proximal is immediate, remedial if possible for the suffering witnessed; distal prevents harm in the future from occurring. The second set of distinctions refers to whether the compassion is empathic, involves action, or is an aspiration.

Keywords: global compassion, suffering, emotion, emotional resonance, aspirational compassion, empathic compassion, action compassion, familial compassion, global compassion, proximal compassion, distal compassion, impermanence

Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us.