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date: 23 August 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Achieving accurate measurements of mobility and where people spend time is an essential step toward understanding how environments influence people’s impressions, actions, well-being, and health. But identifying where people are located in space and time and drawing from these data conclusions about what people actually experience is a challenge. Advances in communication technologies are creating possibilities for research today that even recently would not have been possible. This chapter reviews a classic study in the field of mobility pattern research, demonstrates the interest of mobility patterns to investigators of geography and health, and describes how geographic information systems and Global Positioning Systems are being used to better understand the complex relationships between people’s physical locations and health outcomes. The chapter concludes with predictions about how advances in communication technology will shape future research.

Keywords: mobility, epidemiology, public health, location, space, place, GPS, Global Positioning Systems, GIS, geographic information systems

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