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date: 21 August 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Ola Stockfelt theorizes listening through discussion of a number of personal cases, such as listening sessions in his car and his observations during film music teaching sessions. Stockfelt suggests that meaning comes before hearing sounds. Listening involves listening for confirmation of what you already know and this allows us to complete the gestalt of a sound even when the full auditory signal is not present. Hearing something, Stockfelt argues, is a cultural conception of reality, and we usually merely imagine that we heard sounds first, whereas we really experienced meaning. The idea that we listen through meaning rather than listen for meaning is further illustrated in studies of storytelling in documentary films.

Keywords: audiovisual, media, film, sound, listening, affordance, constraint

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