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date: 15 April 2021

Abstract and Keywords

Do insects, like other animals, expect future events, predict the value of potential actions, and decide between behavioral options without having access to the indicating stimuli? These cognitive capacities are captured by the term intentionality. This chapter addresses the question at two levels, behavior and neural correlates. Behavioral studies are performed with freely flying bees in the natural environment and with harnessed bees in the laboratory by applying the proboscis extension response paradigm. Data are presented and discussed on context-dependent learning, selective attention, rule learning, navigation, communication, and sleep-dependent memory consolidation. Although behavioral analyses document the rich repertoire and the cognitive dimensions of honeybee behavior, intentionality is nearly impossible to prove by behavioral analyses only and neural correlates are essential.

Keywords: context, attention, rule learning, navigation, dance communication, sleep, mushroom body, output neurons, VUMmx1, PCT neurons

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