- The Oxford Handbook of Evolution, Biology, and Society
- About the Editor
- About the Contributors
- Introduction: Evolution, Biology, and Society
- Divergence and Possible Consilience Between Evolutionary Biology and Sociology
- Sociology’s Contentious Courtship with Biology: A Ballad
- Edward Westermarck: The First Sociobiologist
- Discovering Human Nature Through Cross-Species Analysis
- The Neurology of Religion: An Explanation from Evolutionary Sociology
- Reward Allowances and Contrast Effects in Social Evolution: A Challenge to Zygmunt Bauman’s Liquid Modernity
- Sex Differences in the Human Brain
- The Savanna Theory of Happiness
- How Evolutionary Psychology Can Contribute to Group Process Research
- The Genetics of Human Behavior: A Hopeless Opus?
- DNA Is Not Destiny
- On the Genetic and Genomic Basis of Aggression, Violence, and Antisocial Behavior
- Genetics and Politics: A Review for the Social Scientist
- Genes and Status Achievement
- Peer Networks, Psychobiology of Stress Response, and Adolescent Development
- Stress and Stress Hormones
- Social Epigenetics of Human Behavior
- Physiology of Face-to-Face Competition
- Evolutionary Behavioral Science: Core Principles, Common Misconceptions, and a Troubling Tendency
- Evolutionary Family Sociology
- Evolution and Human Reproduction
- Evolution, Societal Sexism, and Universal Average Sex Differences in Cognition and Behavior
- Evolutionary Theory and Criminology
- The Biosocial Study of Ethnicity
- Human Sociosexual Dominance Theory
- From Paganism to World Transcendence: Religious Attachment Theory and the Evolution of the World Religions
- The Evolutionary Approach to History: Sociocultural Phylogenetics
- Why Sociology Should Incorporate Biology
Abstract and Keywords
There is a great deal of interest in examining the genetic and environmental architecture to aggression, violence, and antisocial behaviors. This interest has resulted in hundreds of studies being published that estimate genetic and environmental effects on antisocial phenotypes. The results generated from these studies have been remarkably consistent and have contributed greatly to the knowledge base on the etiology of antisocial behavior. This chapter reviews the research on the genetic basis to antisocial phenotypes by presenting the results related to the heritability of antisocial phenotypes. It also discusses some of the molecular genetic association studies as well as genome-wide association studies that focus on the development of antisocial behaviors. In doing so, it also reviews findings related to gene–environment interactions. The chapter concludes by discussing some of the ways in which these findings could be used for intervention and prevention programs.
Kevin M. Beaver is Judith Rich Harris Professor of Criminology and Criminal Justice at Florida State University and visiting Distinguished Research Professor in the Center for Social and Humanities Research at King Abdulaziz University. His research examines the causes of antisocial behavior.
Eric J. Connolly is Assistant Professor in the Department of Criminal Justice and Criminology at Sam Houston State University. His research interests include biosocial criminology, criminological theory, developmental/life course criminology, and victimology. His work focuses on examining the genetic and environmental contributions to individual differences in antisocial behavior at different stages of the life course.
Joseph L. Nedelec is Assistant Professor in the School of Criminal Justice at the University of Cincinnati. His primary research interests lie within biosocial criminology, evolutionary psychology, behavioral genetics, and cybercrime. He is co-founder and Vice President of the Biosocial Criminology Association (https://www.biosocialcrim.org).
Joseph A. Schwartz is Assistant Professor in the School of Criminology and Criminal Justice at the University of Nebraska Omaha. His research interests include behavior genetics, developmental/life course criminology, and additional factors involved in the etiology of criminal behavior. He is also a cofounder and the current Treasurer/Secretary of the Biosocial Criminology Association (https://www.biosocialcrim.org).
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