- The Oxford Handbook of Social and Political Trust
- About the Editor
- The Study of Trust
- Measuring Trust
- Social and Political Trust
- Trust and National Identity
- Trust and Democracy
- Ingroup-Outgroup Trust: Barriers, Benefits, and Bridges
- Biological and Psychological Influences on Interpersonal and Political Trust
- Trust and Participation in Associations
- Ethnic Diversity and Social Trust: A Critical Review of the Literature and Suggestions for a Research Agenda
- Cultural Persistence or Experiential Adaptation?: A Review of Studies Using Immigrants to Examine the Roots of Trust
- Trust and Minority Groups
- Trust and Rational Choice
- Trust Experiments, Trust Games, and Surveys
- Trust Games: Game-Theoretic Approaches to Embedded Trust
- Trust in Newly Democratic Regimes
- Social and Political Trust in Developing Countries: Sub-Saharan Africa and Latin America
- Trust and the Welfare State
- New Evidence on Trust and Well-Being
- Trust and Population Health
- Trust and Corruption
- Trust and Tax Morale
- Social Trust and Economic Growth
- Foundations of Political Trust
- Political Trust and Polarization
- Economic Performance and Political Trust
- Trust and Elections
- Trust in Justice
- Trust in International Actors
- Trust in International Relations
Abstract and Keywords
From a modernization perspective, sub-Saharan Africa and Latin America—two of the poorest regions in the world—conform to one another in that citizens of both regions express very low levels of horizontal, generalized interpersonal trust. Indeed, these two regions are among the least trusting societies in the world. Both are low in terms of “bridging” trust, and both also have high degrees of particularized “bonding” trust. However, these regions differ sharply with respect to vertical, institutional trust. People in sub-Saharan Africa express relatively high levels of trust in national institutions; and Latin Americans offer very low levels of trust, with many expressing sheer cynicism. Finally, the data at hand reveal few important linkages between levels of trust in government or the state and various facets of democratic citizenship.
Robert Mattes is Professor of Government and Public Policy at the University of Strathclyde and Honorary Professor of Political Studies at the University of Cape Town.
Alejandro Moreno is Professor of Political Science at the Instituto Tecnológico Autónomo de México (ITAM).
Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.
If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.