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date: 12 May 2021

(p. xi) Contributors

(p. xi) Contributors

Richard Arnold (Ph.D., The Ohio State University) is Associate Professor of Political Science at Muskingum University in New Concord, Ohio, and most recently the author of Russian Nationalism and Ethnic Violence: Symbolic Violence, Lynching, Pogrom, and Massacre (Routledge, 2016). His papers have appeared in, among other journals, Theoretical Criminology, Post-Soviet Affairs, Problems of Post-Communism, Journal for the Study of Radicalism, and Nationalities Papers.

David Art is Professor of Political Science at Tufts University. His field is comparative politics, with a regional focus on Europe. His research interests include extremist political parties and movements, the politics of history and memory, and comparative historical analysis in the social sciences. He is the author of Inside the Radical Right: The Development of Anti-Immigrant Parties in Western Europe (Cambridge University Press, 2011) and The Politics of the Nazi Past in Germany and Austria (Cambridge University Press, 2006). His articles have appeared in Comparative Politics, German Politics and Society, Party Politics, and West European Politics. He was co-convenor of the European Consortium for Political Research’s Standing Group on Extremism and Democracy.

Kai Arzheimer is Professor of Politics and Political Sociology at the University of Mainz in Germany. He has published widely on the voters of the radical right in Europe, and on voting behavior and political attitudes more generally.

Eliot Assoudeh is currently Adjunct Professor of political science at University of Nevada, Reno, where he received his Ph.D. with a focus in comparative politics in 2017. His research interests are modern ideologies and religion, political extremism, and far-right political parties and movements in Europe, the Middle East and the United States. He is a recipient of the Association for the Study of the Middle East and Africa research grant for his project on fascism and religion in the Middle East (2014, 2015, and 2017). He holds an M.A. in political science from Western Washington University (2010). His articles and analyses have appeared in Religion Compass, Research in Social Movements, Conflicts and Change, Fair Observer, and National Security Forum, and on the BBC Persian Service.

Uwe Backes is a deputy director at the Hannah Arendt Institute on Totalitarianism Research and teaches political science at the University of Dresden, Germany. He studied political science, history, and German language and literature at the University of Trier (Ph.D., 1987), and completed his post-doctoral dissertation at the University of Bayreuth in 1997. He was a Feodor Lynen Grantee of the Alexander von Humboldt (p. xii) Foundation at the Centre d’Étude de la Vie Politique Française in Paris (1997–1998) and a Heisenberg Grantee of the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft in 1998–1999. He was a visiting professor in Paris, Eichstätt, Nancy, and Strasbourg. Among his important publications in English are Political Extremes (Routledge, 2010), Right-Wing Extremism in Europe, coedited with Patrick Moreau (Vandenhoeck and Ruprecht, 2012), and Ideocracies in Comparison, coedited with Steffen Kailitz (Routledge, 2016).

Tamir Bar-On received his Ph.D. from McGill University in 2000. He is a Professor-Researcher in the School of Social Sciences and Government, Tec de Monterrey, Campus Querétaro, Mexico. A member of Mexico’s Sistema Nacional de Investigadores, Bar-On is the author of four books, including Where Have All The Fascists Gone? (Ashgate, 2007), Rethinking the French New Right: Alternatives to modernity (Routledge, 2013), The World Through Soccer: The Cultural Impact of a Global Sport (Rowman and Littlefield, 2014), and Beyond Soccer: International Relations and Politics as Seen Through the Beautiful Game (Rowman and Littlefield, 2017).

Hans-Georg Betz is currently Adjunct Professor of political science at the University of Zurich. Previously he taught at York University, Toronto; the School of Advanced International Studies, Johns Hopkins University, Washington, D.C.; and Koc University, Istanbul. He is the author of several books and numerous articles on political culture, radical right-wing populism, and nativism in Europe and the United States.

Simon Bornschier directs the Research Area Political Sociology at the Institute for Political Science at the University of Zurich. He has authored or coauthored two books on the transformation of West European party systems and the rise of right-wing populist parties, as well as a number of articles and chapters on the subject. His current research focuses on democratization, representation, and political protest in Latin America and Western Europe.

Lenka Buštíková is an Assistant Professor in the School of Politics and Global Studies at Arizona State University. Her research focuses on party politics, voting behavior, clientelism, and state capacity, with special reference to Eastern Europe, and has appeared in Comparative Political Studies, Communist and Post-Communist Studies, Journal of Contemporary European Studies, Journal for the Study of Antisemitism, Swiss Political Science Review, and World Politics. She is the recipient of the 2015 Best Article Prize, awarded by the American Political Science Association’s European Politics and Society Section, for “Revenge of the Radical Right.”

Manuela Caiani is Associate Professor at the Institute of Scienze Umane e Sociali at the Scuola Normale Superiore in Florence. Her research interests focus on Populism, Europeanization and social movements, the radical right in Europe and the United States, political mobilization and the Internet, qualitative methods of social research, and political violence and terrorism. She has been involved in several international comparative research projects and coordinated research units for individual projects and grants. She has participated as panel organizer or paper presenter at several national (p. xiii) and international conferences. She has published in, among others, the following journals: Mobilization, Acta Politica, European Union Politics, South European Society and Politics, and RISP, and for the following publishers: Oxford University Press, Ashgate, and Palgrave.

Hilde Coffé is an Associate Professor in Political Science at Victoria University of Wellington. Her research interests focus on political representation, public opinion, and political behavior, including radical right voting. She has written numerous articles that have been published in leading political science and sociology journals, such as Electoral Studies, Party Politics, Political Studies, British Journal of Sociology, European Sociological Review, Comparative European Politics, and Acta Politica. She has also been a visiting fellow and given presentations at several institutions, including the University of California campuses at Berkeley, Irvine, and Santa Barbara; the University of Nebraska, Lincoln; the University of Manchester; the University of Sussex; and the University of Sydney.

Nigel Copsey is Professor of Modern History at Teesside University in the United Kingdom. His publications include Contemporary British Fascism: The British National Party and the Quest for Legitimacy (2nd ed., Palgrave-Macmillan, 2008), Anti-Fascism in Britain (2nd ed., Routledge, 2017), and, coedited with John Richardson, Cultures of Post-War British Fascism (Routledge, 2015).

Donatella della Porta is Professor of Political Science and dean of the Institute for Humanities and the Social Sciences at the Scuola Normale Superiore in Florence, where she directs the Center on Social Movement Studies. She directs a major European Research Council project, “Mobilizing for Democracy,” on civil society participation in democratization processes in Europe, the Middle East, Asia, and Latin America. Among her most recent publications are Social Movements in Times of Austerity (Polity, 2014), Methodological Practices in Social Movement Research (Oxford University Press, 2014), Spreading Protest, with A. Mattoni (ECPR Press, 2014), Clandestine Political Violence, coedited with D. Snow, B. Klandermans and D. McAdam (Cambridge University Press, 2013), and Mobilizing on the Extreme Right, with M. Caiani and C. Wagemann (Oxford University Press, 2012). In 2011, she was the recipient of the Mattei Dogan Prize for distinguished achievements in the field of political sociology and Ph.D. honoris causa from the universities of Lausanne, Bucharest, and Goteborg.

James Dennison is a Research Fellow at the Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies in Florence. He defended his Ph.D. dissertation, entitled “Re-thinking Turnout: Explaining Within-Individual Variation in Electoral Participation” at the European University Institute. While writing his dissertation, he published articles on migration attitudes, electoral choice, political participation, the Italian constitutional referendum, the United Kingdom’s European Union referendum, and European politics. He has previously held positions at the University of Oxford and the University of Sheffield, where he taught quantitative methods. He is also the author of The Greens in British Politics: Protest, Anti-Austerity and the Divided Left. (p. xiv)

Roger Eatwell is Emeritus Professor of Politics as the University of Bath. He has written widely on both historical fascism and the contemporary extreme and populist rights. Recent publications include the chapter “Fascism” in the Oxford Handbook of Political Ideologies (2013), “Fascism and Racism” in the Oxford Handbook of the History of Nationalism (2013), and “Populism and Fascism” in the Oxford Handbook of Populism (2017). He is currently writing a book with Matthew Goodwin for Penguin on national populism.

Antonis A. Ellinas is Associate Professor of Political Science at the University of Cyprus. He works on comparative European politics. He is the author of The Media and the Far Right in Western Europe (Cambridge University Press, 2010) and The European Commission and Bureaucratic Autonomy (Cambridge University Press, 2012).

Andy Fleming is a writer and anti-fascist researcher based in Melbourne, Australia.

Matthew J. Goodwin, University of Kent and Senior Visiting Fellow at Chatham House, is author of the books New British Fascism: Rise of the British National Party (Routledge), Revolt on the Right: Explaining Public Support for the Radical Right in Britain (Routledge), UKIP: Inside the Campaign to Redraw British Politics (Oxford University Press), and Brexit: Why Britain Voted to Leave the European Union (Cambridge University Press).

Naoto Higuchi is Associate Professor at Tokushima University. He has a Ph.D. in sociology from Hitotsubashi University, Japan. His underlying research interest lies in xenophobia, social movements, and social capital of migrants. He conducted fieldwork on radical right activists and is now engaged in research on Peruvian migration to Japan. Among his works in English is Japan’s Ultra-Right (Trans Pacific Press, 2016). His Japanese and Korean books (edited and coauthored) include Zaitokukai and Japan’s Radical Right, Ethnic Businesses in Japan, Invisible Residents: Japanese Brazilians vis-à-vis State, Market and Migrant Network, Crossing Borders: Sociological Analysis of Muslims in Japan, and Sociology of Social Movement.

Aristotle Kallis is Professor of Modern and Contemporary History at Keele University, United Kingdom. His main research interests are in the field of generic, comparative, and transnational fascism and the radical right, with a particular focus on the relation between extremism and the mainstream. He is particularly interested in the patterns of diffusion of transgressive ideas across both political spaces and national borders. He has recently published work on the transnational dynamics of Islamophobia, as well as on the mainstreaming of radical discourses and policies. He is the coeditor of Rethinking Fascism and Dictatorship (2014) and the author of Genocide and Fascism (2009). He is currently directing an international project on the violent radicalization of far-right movements in Europe.

Herbert Kitschelt is the George V. Allen Professor of International Relations in the Department of Political Science at Duke University. He specializes in political parties and elections and comparative political economy. He is a member of the American (p. xv) Academy of Arts and Sciences (AAAS). From 1993 to 1996, he also held a joint appointment with Humboldt University, Berlin. Among his many publications, he is author, coauthor or editor of The Transformation of European Social Democracy (Cambridge University Press, 1994), The Radical Right in Western Europe (University of Michigan Press, 1995), and Latin American Party Systems (Cambridge University Press, 2010). Most recently, he coedited The Politics of Advanced Capitalism (Cambridge University Press, 2015). He is currently completing two research projects, one on democratic partisan linkage in competitive democracies around the world, based on the data collected under his direction by the Democratic Accountability and Linkage Project, and one on partisan realignment in postindustrial democracies, together with Philipp Rehm.

Nonna Mayer is CNRS Research Professor Emerita at the Centre d’études Européennes de Sciences Po, Paris. She edits the series Contester at the Presses de Sciences Po. Her main research topics are right-wing extremism, electoral behavior, racism, and anti-Semitism. Among her recent books are Les faux semblants du Front national. Sociologie d’un parti politique, edited with S. Crépon and A. Dézé (Presses de Sciences Po, 2015), and Les inaudibles. Sociologie politique des précaires, edited with C. Braconnier (Presses de Sciences Po, 2015).

Gabriel Menard is a Ph.D. candidate in the Department of Sociology at the University of Toronto. His dissertation examines why Great Britain and the United States have arrived at contrasting policies for regulating the Internet. His publications have appeared in Ethnic and Racial Studies, British Journal of Sociology, and Information, Communication and Society.

Melanie Mierzejewski-Voznyak is an Associate Research Fellow at the Institute of International Relations, Prague. Her areas of expertise include party politics and democratization in Eastern Europe and the Caucasus. Her research has appeared in East European Politics and New Eastern Europe.

Cynthia Miller-Idriss is Associate Professor of Education and Sociology at American University in Washington, D.C., where she also directs the International Training and Education Program and runs the biannual Global Education Forum. Her most recent books include The Extreme Gone Mainstream: Commercialization and Far Right Youth Culture in Germany (Princeton University Press, 2017) and Seeing the World: How US Universities Make Knowledge in a Global Era, with Mitchell Stevens and Seteney Shami (Princeton University Press, 2018).

Michael Minkenberg is Professor of Comparative Political Science at European University Viadrina in Frankfurt (Oder), Germany. He held the Max Weber Chair for German and European Studies at New York University from 2007 to 2010. His research interests include the radical right in liberal democracies, the relationship between religion and politics in Western societies, and the politics of architecture in capital cities. Among his publications are “Politik und Religion,” a special issue of Politische Vierteljahresschrift, coedited with U. Willems (Westdeutscher Verlag, 2003); The Radical (p. xvi) Right in Europe: An Overview (Verlag Bertelsmannstiftung, 2008); and The Radical Right in Eastern Europe: Democracy under Siege? (Palgrave, 2017).

Aurelien Mondon is a Senior Lecturer in comparative politics at the University of Bath. His research focuses predominantly on elite discourse and the mainstreaming of far right politics, particularly through the use of populism and racism. His first monograph, A Populist Hegemony? The Mainstreaming of the Extreme Right in France and Australia, was published in 2013.

Christopher Sebastian Parker is Professor of Political Science at the University of Washington. He is the author of two award-winning books: Change They Can’t Believe In: The Tea Party and Reactionary Politics in America (Princeton University Press) and Fighting for Democracy: Black Veterans and the Struggle Against White Supremacy in the Postwar South (Princeton University Press). He is at work on another book, White Fright: Race and the Crisis of American Politics, from the Ku Klux Klan to Donald Trump. He resides in Seattle.

Ami Pedahzur is Professor of Government and the Arnold S. Chaplik Professor in Israel and Diaspora Studies at the University of Texas at Austin, where he is also the founding director of the Institute for Israel Studies. His main areas of interest are radicalism, political violence, Israeli politics, and methods. His books include The Triumph of Israel’s Radical Right (Oxford University Press, 2012), The Israeli Secret Services and the Struggle Against Terrorism (Columbia University Press, 2009), Jewish Terrorism in Israel, with Arie Perliger (Columbia University Press, 2009), and Suicide Terrorism (Polity Press, 2005). He is currently studying the evolution of special operations forces.

Arie Perliger is a Professor in the School of Criminology and Justice Studies at the University of Massachusetts, Lowell. Previously he was Director of Terrorism Studies and Associate Professor at the Combating Terrorism Center and Department of Social Sciences at the U.S. Military Academy at West Point. Perliger is studying issues related to terrorism and political violence; the politics of security; the politics of the far right in Israel, Europe, and the United States; Middle Eastern politics; and the applicability of social network analysis to the study of social phenomena. His studies have appeared in six books and monographs as well as in more than thirty articles and book chapters by publishers such as Columbia University Press and Routledge and in journals such as Security Studies, Political Studies, Social Forces, and others.

Carlo Ruzza is Professor of Political Sociology at the University of Trento, where he teaches courses on European and international politics. He has previously taught at the Universities of Leicester, Essex, and Surrey. His research interests focus on social movements, populism, and right-wing parties. He is also interested in advocacy processes at European level, which include a focus on the efforts of civil society groups to affect policy-making in areas such as European Union anti-discrimination policy and environmental policy. His book publications include Reinventing the Italian Right: Populism, Post-Fascism and Territorial Identity, with Stefano Fella (Routledge, 2009) and Europe (p. xvii) and Civil Society (Manchester University Press, 2007). His edited books include Europe’s Prolonged Crisis, coedited with H. Trenz and V. Guiraudon (Palgrave, 2015), and several volumes on EU politics. His journal publications include articles in the Journal of European Integration, Innovation, Theory and Society, Telos, West European Politics, International Journal of Sociology, European Political Science, Journal of Political Ideologies, Social Science and Medicine, and Policy and Society.

Jens Rydgren is Professor of Sociology at Stockholm University. He is working within the fields of political sociology, ethnic relations, and social network analysis. He is the author and editor of several books; most recently he edited Class Politics and the Radical Right (Routledge, 2013). He publishes regularly in leading social science journals, such as the American Journal of Sociology, British Journal of Sociology, European Journal of Political Research, and Social Networks.

Andreas Umland (Ph.D., University of Cambridge) is Senior Research Fellow at the Institute for Euro-Atlantic Cooperation in Kyiv, and general editor of the book series Soviet and Post-Soviet Politics and Society (ibidem-Verlag, 2004) distributed, since 2014, by Columbia University Press. His articles have appeared in, among other journals, e-Foreign Affairs, e-Foreign Policy, Political Studies Review, Perspectives on Politics, European Political Science, Journal of Democracy, Europe-Asia Studies, European History Quarterly, Problems of Post-Communism, Communist and Post-Communist Studies, Russian Review, Nationalities Papers, East European Jewish Affairs, Journal of Slavic Military Studies, Demokratizatsiya, Internationale Politik, Österreichische Zeitschrift für Politikwissenschaft, Osteuropa, Jahrbuch für Ostrecht, and Voprosy filosofii.

Joop J. M. van Holsteyn is Senior Lecturer and Supernumerary Professor in Electoral Research at the Department of Political Science, Leiden University, the Netherlands. His research focuses on voting behavior, public opinion and opinion polling, right-wing extremism, and party membership in the Netherlands. He has published articles (in English) in journals such as Acta Politica, Electoral Studies, International Journal of Public Opinion Research, Party Politics, Public Opinion Quarterly, and West European Politics.

Sofia Vasilopoulou is Senior Lecturer in Politics at the University of York. She holds a Ph.D. from the London School of Economics. Her work examines political dissatisfaction with democracy and democratic institutions across Europe. Specific themes include Euroskepticism, extremism, and loss of faith in traditional politics. She leads an Economic and Social Research Council Future Leaders Project entitled “Euroscepticism: Dimensions, Causes and Consequences in Times of Crisis.” Her research appears in the European Journal of Political Research, Journal of Common Market Studies, Journal of European Public Policy, Government and Opposition, and South European Society and Politics, among others. She has coauthored The Golden Dawn’s Nationalist Solution: Explaining the rise of the far right in Greece (Palgrave Macmillan, 2015) with Daphne Halikiopoulou, also published in Greek by Epikdro. She (p. xviii) is the convenor of the European Consortium for Political Research Standing Group on Political Parties.

John Veugelers is Associate Professor in the Department of Sociology at the University of Toronto. His current project ties Europe’s colonial legacy to contemporary politics in explaining the rise and decline of the National Front in a French city. Other research examines the changing relations between neofascist parties and non-party organizations in postwar Italy.

Leonard Weinberg is Foundation Professor of Political Science Emeritus at the University of Nevada and has served as a senior fellow at the National Memorial Institute for the Prevention of Terrorism in Oklahoma City and at the National Security Studies Center at the University of Haifa, Israel. He has been a Fulbright Senior Research Fellow for Italy; a visiting scholar at the University of California, Los Angeles; a visiting professor at King’s College, University of London, and the University of Haifa; and the recipient of an H. F. Guggenheim Foundation grant for the study of political violence. He has also served as a consultant to the United Nations Office for the Prevention of Terrorism, Agency for Crime Control and Drug Prevention. For his work in promoting Christian-Jewish reconciliation Weinberg was a recipient of the 1999 Thornton Peace Prize. Recent books include Democracy and Terrorism (2013), The End of Terrorism (2011); Democratic Responses to Terrorism (2007, ed.), and Global Terrorism (2005).

Anders Widfeldt is a Lecturer in Politics at the University of Aberdeen. His research has focused on the organization of political parties and the European extreme, populist, and radical right. Recent publications include Extreme Right Parties in Scandinavia (Routledge, 2015) and “Tensions Beneath the Surface: The Swedish Mainstream Parties and the Immigration Issue,” Acta Politica 50 (2015): 399–416.

Michelle Hale Williams is Chair of the Department of Government and Professor of Political Science at the University of West Florida. Her research interests include radicalism and extremism, radical right-wing parties, nationalism and ethnic politics, immigration and migration policy, political parties and party systems, political institutions, and European politics. Her books include The Multicultural Dilemma: Migration, Ethnic Politics, and State Intermediation (ed., Routledge, 2013) and The Impact of Radical Right-wing Parties in West European Democracies (Palgrave, 2006). Her published work also appears in Party Politics, Ethnic and Racial Studies, Journal of Contemporary European Studies, Análise Social, Nationalism and Ethnic Politics, German Politics, PS: Political Science and Politics, and Journal of Political Science Education.

Ruth Wodak is Emerita Distinguished Professor of Discourse Studies at Lancaster University, UK, and affiliated with the University of Vienna. Besides various other prizes, she was awarded the Wittgenstein Prize for Elite Researchers in 1996 and an honorary doctorate from University of Örebro in Sweden in 2010. She is member of the British Academy of Social Sciences and a member of the Academia Europaea. In 2008, she was awarded the Kerstin Hesselgren Chair of the Swedish Parliament at University of Örebro. (p. xix) Her research interests focus on discourse studies, identity politics and politics of the past, language and/in politics, prejudice and discrimination, and ethnographic methods of linguistic fieldwork. Recent book publications include The Handbook of Language and Politics, coedited with B. Forchtner (Routledge, 2017), The Politics of Fear: What Right-Wing Populist Discourses Mean (Sage, 2015; German translation Politik mit der Angst Konturen, 2016), Right-wing Populism in Europe: Politics and Discourse, coedited with M. KhosraviNik and B. Mral (Bloomsbury, 2013), Analyzing Fascist Discourse: European Fascism in Talk and Text, coedited with J. E. Richardson (Routledge, 2013), The Discourse of Politics in Action:Politics as Usual” (rev. ed., Palgrave, 2011), Migration, Identity and Belonging, with G. Delanty and P. Jones (Liverpool University Press, 2011), and The Discursive Construction of History: Remembering the German Wehrmacht’s War of Annihilation, with H. Heer, W. Manoschek, and A. Pollak (Palgrave, 2008).

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