- Oxford Library of Psychology
- Copyright Page
- About the Editors
- Personality as a Situation: A Target-Centered Perspective on Social Situations
- The Nonlinear Interaction of Person and Situation (NIPS) Model and Its Values for a Psychology of Situations
- Behavior Genetic Approaches for Situation Research
- Other People as Situations: Relational Context Shapes Psychological Phenomena
- Culture’s Constraints: The Role of Situational Constraint in Cultural Systems
- Situational Strength Theory: A Formalized Conceptualization of a Popular Idea
- Navigating Interdependent Social Situations
- Evolutionary Perspectives on Situations
- The Interpersonal Situation: An Integrative Framework for the Study of Personality, Psychopathology, and Psychotherapy
- The Ecological Rationality of Situations: Behavior = <i>f</i>(Adaptive Toolbox, Environment)
- A Personality Perspective on Situations
- Functional Approaches to Representing the Interplay of Situations, Persons, and Behavior
- The Use of Virtual Reality for Understanding Situations: A Fixed Effects Design
- Cross-Cultural Assessment of Situational Experience
- Latent Variable Modeling of Person-Situation Data
- Computational Modeling of Person-Situation Transactions: How Accumulation of Situational Experiences Can Shape the Distributions of Trait Scores
- Network Analysis for Psychological Situations
- The Riverside Situational Q-sort
- Naturalistic Assessment of Situations Using Mobile Sensing Methods
- Ecological Sampling Methods for Studying Everyday Situations
- Organizing Situation Characteristics by Their Influences on Big Five States
- Assessment of Situational Perceptions: Measurement Issues and a Joint Taxonomization of Persons and Situations
- The Lexical Approach to Situations: History, Theory, and Practice
- Language, Subjectivity, Culture, Comprehensiveness, and Structure: Considerations for a Classification of Situations
- The Psychological Characteristics of Situations: Towards an Integrated Taxonomy
- Person-Situation Transactions across the Lifespan
- Health and Situations
- What Neuroscience Can Tell Us about Social Situations: Challenges and Opportunities
- Medical Situations
- Situations at Work: A Review of Situational Factors in Understanding Work Behavior
- The Culturally Situated Process of Personality Judgment
Abstract and Keywords
Much current research on situations, instead of attending to single situation cues or abstract classes of situations, focuses on characteristics which capture the psychological meaning and interpretation of a situation. This focus allows a differential psychology of situations where any situation can be described and compared with a set of continuous dimensions (much like how persons can be described by traits). We provide an overview of extant taxonomies of situation characteristics and highlight their convergences. Several taxonomies—independently developed from different research teams with different item pools, samples, and data-analytic methods—have provided psychometrically validated measurement tools which make it possible to associate the (scales of the) taxonomies with one another. Upon examining the conceptual and empirical overlaps between those taxonomies, six replicable domains of situation characteristics can be identified: threat, stress, tasks, processing, fun, and mundane. These domains bear in content a striking resemblance to the Big Five or HEXACO dimensions of personality traits. We sketch how theory, methods, and research on situations may make further progress, especially regarding the goal of crafting an integrative and inclusive taxonomy of situation characteristics.
John F. Rauthmann is Professor of Personality Psychology and psychological Assessment at the University of Lübeck. He is the inaugural Editor in Chief of the open access journal Personality Science and is interested in dynamic transactions between personality and environments.
Kai T. Horstmann, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Berlin, Germany
RyneA. Sherman is Chief Science Officer at Hogan Assessment Systems. Prior to taking this role he was an Associate Professor of Psychology at Texas Tech University from and Florida Atlantic University. In 2016 Dr. Sherman was named a Rising Star by the Association for Psychological Science and in 2018 he received the SAGE Young Scholars Award. He has authored more than 60 scientific papers and book chapters on the topic of personality psychology.
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