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date: 29 July 2021

Abstract and Keywords

While the books of Chronicles, Ezra, and Nehemiah share many themes and vocabulary, they do not come from one author, and the Chronicler’s History hypothesis cannot be supported. Discussions about different Hebrew vocabulary in these books have not been conclusive. The apocryphal book of 1 Esdras does not support the Chronicler’s History hypothesis because it is a secondary rearrangement of Chronicles, Ezra, and Nehemiah plus an additional story about the three guardsmen, which provides an appropriate introduction to Zerubbabel, a leader in the postexilic community. A number of theological/ideological differences show that Chronicles, Ezra, and Nehemiah did not come from a single author: differences about mixed marriages, the history of early Israel; the positive attitude toward the north in Chronicles. The books of 1 and 2 Chronicles give more significance to David than Ezra and Nehemiah do. But these three books advocate for the primacy of Jerusalem, the exclusive status of the Jerusalem temple, and the importance of the priests and Levites.

Keywords: 1 Esdras, Chronicler’s History, Frank Moore Cross, Joseph Blenkinsopp, Sara Japhet, Zipora Talshir, H. G. M. Williamson

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