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date: 19 January 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter on the Bible and fundamentalism describes the growth of the movement and pinpoints various influences in play since the nineteenth century. Among those were: a new apocalyptic outlook, Scottish Common Sense philosophy, revivalism, biblicism, and a militant style. The chapter also provides important definitions and summarizes some recent scholarly developments in the study of the movement. Much of the cultural energy of adherents came from their strident opposition to theological modernism, evolutionary biology, and a new, permissive popular culture. Because of that historians once described fundamentalists as vociferously anti-modern. Now, however, historians are showing that believers acted and thought in ways that look strikingly modern, even modernist.

Keywords: fundamentalism, Billy Sunday, Dwight Moody, John Nelson Darby, Scofield’s Reference Bible, Dallas Theological Seminary, Bible conferences, Bible colleges, Jerry Falwell

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