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date: 23 January 2020

Abstract and Keywords

The Bible describes the satisfying and joyful appointment given to Adam and Eve to serve and to keep the Garden of Eden, but their disastrous choice to know evil spoiled people and their life-support system. In the New World, millennia later, settlers in the Eden of America again lost ground, but between 1864 and 1964 they were alerted, principally by five biblically informed people—George Perkins Marsh, John Muir, Theodore Roosevelt, Aldo Leopold, and Rachel Carson—who after their deaths came to be called environmentalists and whose message was termed environmentalism. Their testimony and his personal experience motivated Professor Lynton Caldwell to help design flagship legislation that would inaugurate the remarkable environmental decade of the 1970s. This was joined in 2016 by Laudato Si’, bringing hope that the long-standing stewardship tradition would be rekindled not only in America but around the globe.

Keywords: stewardship, environmental ethics, Laudato Si’, biosphere, con-service, Presbyterian

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