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date: 25 January 2020

Abstract and Keywords

Pentecostal biblical interpretation rests on a hermeneutics of fulfillment, summarized in the words “this is that” (Acts 2:16). It presumes that an outpouring of the Holy Spirit is already in process and more is yet to come. Pentecostals construe the Bible not as detached, cognitive content, but as an active, efficacious power that they seek to enact experientially. Pentecostals try to bring their affective experience into alignment with scripture (orthopathy), and to live, feel, and act “as” biblical figures. Pentecostal preaching—especially in the black church—collapses the “two horizons” to effect a re-living of biblical stories. Neo-Pentecostalism brings a “Davidic” focus (worship, music, praise, spiritual warfare) alongside the “Lucan” focus of classical Pentecostalism (Spirit baptism, tongues-speaking, missions). By adopting New Testament supernaturalism with utter seriousness and treating first-century experiences as normative, Pentecostalism mediated between early twentieth-century fundamentalist biblical literalism and modernist contemporaneous experientialism, synthesizing these competing emphases.

Keywords: Pentecostalism, Charismatic Christianity, neo-Pentecostalism, prophecy, tongues-speaking, glossolalia, cessationism, worship, Christian music, spiritual warfare

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