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date: 22 February 2020

Abstract and Keywords

The National Council of Churches holds the copyright to the Revised Standard and New Revised Standard versions of the Bible. This fact speaks volumes about the mainline Protestant approach to the Bible, which emphasizes scholarly expertise, institutional authorization, and ecumenical cooperation. This chapter explains how these three emphases shaped the mainline in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, and how the mainline continued to rely on them amid dramatic cultural changes in the later twentieth century. The chapter closes by exploring ways the Bible has been both unifying and divisive among mainline Protestants in more recent history.

Keywords: Mainline Protestant, ecumenical, National Council of Churches, Revised Standard Version, Harry Emerson Fosdick, Union Seminary, Charles A. Briggs, modernism, neo-orthodoxy, The Fundamentals

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