Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD HANDBOOKS ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Handbooks Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 23 January 2020

Abstract and Keywords

The Enlightenment begot two revolutionary ideals: liberalism and socialism. Their ties may be particularly productively explored in the context of postcolonies, historically sites for experimentation with various interpretations of modernity. This chapter examines such dynamics in the Philippines, where liberalism and socialism, inaugurating the Philippine state, were at the heart of a political body attempting to define what constituted the interests of “the people” and “the nation.” Liberalism and socialism, though at times opposed to each other, may also be mutually constitutive, and though liberalism and socialism have had violent pasts, both producing their own forms of colonialism, this is no reason to stop grappling with such universalizing political ideals, treating them as asymptotes, never fully attained, yet always on the horizon. Beyond the West, universal values may be debated and renewed in new contexts such as postcolonies.

Keywords: Enlightenment, liberalism, socialism, Philippines, universalism

Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us.