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date: 13 December 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter examines the importance of thermoregulation for the human need to belong and for social integration more generally. It considers fundamental patterns in how thermoregulation relates to social cognition, and how—as a result—more complex social integration affects our core body temperatures. This perspective implies that humans are, in one important way, just like penguins: they need warmth and a good huddle when they are cold in order to survive. Yet temperature affects humans’ social behavior in even more complex ways. The chapter discusses some basics mechanisms of thermoregulation and provides various examples of how social thermoregulation extends to modern human behavior. It also discusses the neural organization of thermoregulation, how temperature homeostasis is maintained even via inanimate objects, and speculates about the link between relationships and the development of self-regulation. It concludes with an analysis of the implications of understanding thermoregulation as human essence.

Keywords: cognition, evolution, hierarchical organization, homeostasis, need to belong, self-regulation, social thermoregulation, thermoregulation, human essence, social behavior

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